Petar Vitanov spent his youth years at PFC CSKA Sofia’s academy. In 2013 he made a debut for the first roster. His biggest success while playing for the Reds from Sofia was winning the National Cup in season 2015/16. Later on, he continued his career at FC Vereya Stara Zagora and PFC Cherno more Varna.
Vitanov joined the main squad of Lokomotiv Plovdiv in August 2019. That was the beginning of a great season (2019/20) for him and the club as Loko triumphed with both the Bulgarian Cup and the Bulgarian Supercup trophies.
He appeared in 5 games U19 Bulgaria.